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Mary HARDWICK

Female 1769 - 1841  (71 years)


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  • Name Mary HARDWICK  [1
    Born 24 Dec 1769  Kilkenny, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 07 Jan 1770  Saint Leonards, Shoreditch, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Photos? Grave (D0001-16A), Grave (DSCF6147) 
    Died 04 Aug 1841  Hartley, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Buried 05 Aug 1841  Mt York, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Came over as a free settler on the Minorca with her husband.

      Granted 70 Acres of land on the Nepean river (Royal Australian Historical Journal, Vol XVIII Map P234, Grant number 32). She was actually giver 30 acres, plus 20 for being married, plus 20 more for having 2 children. The land was bounded by Stanyards, Westmores and the Nepean River.

      Pierce, her husband, was assigned to her as a convict Servant, and she received tools, seed and food from the government stores.

      The area was known as Evan, but later known as Castlereagh after about 1811.

      Mary started a school in 1805, the first in the Castlereagh area, and was listed in journals as a "Markswoman". This may have been the first school in Australia, and she charged 8 Pence for a five day week.

      ------------------------------------

      From Field Family Newsletter 25

      NOTES RE - JAMES McLELLAND´S BOOK NO.5

      The Nepean River Valley, It´s History, It´s Floods, It´s people..

      CASTLEREAGH; Named by Governor Macquarie in 1810 after Lord Castlereagh.

      1789

      June. Captain Watkin Trench is sent by Governor Phillip to explore the country inland in an endeavour to find better pasture and agricultural land. he was the first person to sight the Nepean River, it was later named Nepean by Governor Macquarie after Sir Ivan Nepean, Under Secretary for the Navy.

      A guard hut is erected on a rise of land named Rose Hill and plans are drawn up to establish a village at what is now Parramatte.

      1790

      Layout of Parramatta Village completed.

      Small patrols of soldiers venture through the forests to the Nepean, but the major activity of the colony is centred around Parramatta and Sydney.

      1791

      Governor Phillip journeys to Windsor and names it Green Hills, it is renamed later by Governor Macquarie.

      Population of Parramatta is now 1,818, of whom 1,669 are convicts..

      Small villages now exist at Prospect, Mt. Druitt, Windsor and Richmond, some odd huts along George´s River, near present day Liverpool.

      August 1794 Now settlers´ working small farms along the Hawkesbury River, a good track has been worn through the forests to Sydney.

      1796

      Many of the original settlers on the Nepean Hawkesbury River abandon their farms because of ignorance of farming methods and the difficulty of getting their produce to the Sydney market. As the settlers abandon their farms, they are bought up cheaply by merchants and officers of the N.S.W. Corps.

      1799

      Some Irish Rebels, who were to play their part in the history of the Penrith District, arrived in Sydney as convicts on the Convict Transport Minerosa. Included were Rev. Henry Fulton.

      1800

      Some freed convicts began settling along the Nepean River. Some were: Pierce Collett, Randall, Rope, Colin Fields, Lees, McCarthy, etc.

      1803

      August 7th 1803. Governor King advises Lord Hobart in England that he has stopped any further settlement along the Nepean.

      Cillits, Mary. Free woman, arrived colony and was granted 70 acres of land at Castlereagh in July 1803. She had her husband, who was a convict, assigned to her.

      Field, Edward. Private N.S.W. Corp. granted land 1803 on the Nepean at Castlereagh neat Jackson´s lane and Methodist Church. His son, also named Edward, married Maria Strickland and after her death he was married again to one Esther Lees.

      1806

      Heavy floods ravished the Nepean.

      1808

      March. heavy rainfall, bad floods down the Nepean
      1809

      Again, heavy rainfall and bad flooding along the Nepean.

      1810

      Governor Lachlan Macquarie arrives in the colony.
      Colony sheep population now 33,000

      In 1810, the first year of his long term of office which continued until 1821, Macquarie made an extended tour of N.S.W.

      He was greatly troubled by what he heard about floods which had done much damage to farmland and property along the Hawkesbury River. To provide the settlers with extra allotments on higher ground - where they would be encouraged to build their homes and store their produce. - Macquarie brought into being five new townships. These were called Windsor, previously known as green Hills, Richmond, Wilberforce, Pitt-town and Castlereagh.

      The first four towns were set on the Hawkesbury, but Castlereagh was situated on the Nepean. The Nepean River is really part of the Hawkesbury, but was discovered separately, in 1789, and given a different name. This is one of those quirks of history which can never be corrected.

      Each of Macquarie´s five towns was carefully planned and properly surveyed, with provision for streets, important buildings, and a market square.

      ``God prosper Saint Matthew´s Church´´ said Governor Macquarie at a simple ceremony at Windsor in 1817, when he laid the corner-stone, under which had been placed a ´´holey dollar´´ . This was a Spanish silver dollar with a hole punched in it, the centre being taken out in order to create an extra coin. The value given to a ``holey dollar´´ was six shillings and three pence, sterling, for use as currency in the colony.

      A few hours after the stone had been laid, some rascal overturned it and got away with the money. The Government agreed to repeat the ceremony, and two days later another ´´holey dollar´´ was laid down for prosperity. But the second dollar went the way of the first, for the stone was overturned again and the culprit escaped detection.

      Hawkesbury Museum at 5 Thompson Square, windsor occupies the site where John Howe - a free settler from Britain - conducted a general store from 1811 until the late 1830´s.

      As the Daniel O´Connell Inn, conducted by Edward Coffey, the building which is now the museum became the most popular hotel around the Hawkesbury in the 1840s. it was the hub of social, political, and sporting life; its distinguished patrons included Governor Sir George Gipps and his successor, Sir Charles Fitz Roy.

      The Doctor´s House, is perched above the river bank on the town side of Windsor Bridge...... the building was Coffey´s Hotel.

      1811

      Collitts Pierce. Convict, assigned to his wife Mary Collits of Castlereagh. Pardoned and appointed Chief Constable for Penrith District.

      Lord, Simon. 18th October, 1811 granted 1170 acres of land at Penrith.

      1812

      First school in Penrith District established at Castlereagh.

      1815

      Name of ferry boat the ``Pheasant´´ first recorded for taking passengers across the Nepean River.

      1816

      Lord, Simon. 8th October,1816 granted 100 acres of land at Penrith.

      S.M.H. 31st March . Five settlers were killed and many others fled their homes along the Nepean River during clashes with Aborigines.

      1817

      Floods again hit Nepean and Hawkesbury.

      Sir John Jamison, Rev. Henry Fulton, John McHenry and a military officer appointed to act as Magistrate at Penrith Court.

      John Lees donated land at Castlereagh for first Methodist Church.

      Phillip Strickland, born 1786 died 6th November, 1817, pioneer d. Anglican Church Cranebrook Cemetery.

      1819

      James McHenry conducted a blacksmiths shop next to the Court House, Penrith the property called Lemongrove.

      1820

      Two of George Wentworth´s children drowned in the Nepean.

      1821

      Rev. Henry Fulton former Irish Rebel and convict, appointed Magistrate at Castlereagh.

      1825

      First body of Mounted Police formed in Australia by Governor Brisbane, the first force consisting of two officers and thirteen troopers.

      1826

      The ``Monitor´´ a weekly Sydney newspaper, began publication.

      Field, Edward, Pioneer. Died 21st January, 1826 aged 57 years, name of wife Elysabeth. Buried Anglican Cranebrook Cemetery.
      1827

      Government ordered that there were no Ministers available school teachers perform funeral services and receive a fee of 2/6d. As no cemeteries were available most estates had burial plots in corners of a distant pasture.

      22/10/1827 Extract from letter of Harriet King from Dunheved.
      penrith is about six miles from here, towards the river, there is a Court House, Inn and a few huts. It is said a town is to be laid out on the plains and a hospital and Surgeon established.

      1828

      S.M.H. The NSW Government established a twice-weekly horse post between the principal inland towns, with a letter from Sydney to Bathurst costing 1 shilling in postage.

      1830

      Little progress was made in the Colony now for over twenty years until Gold was discovered. Rust attached the wheat along the Nepean, the sheep developed footrot and more families packed up and left the Nepean and crossed over the mountains because of the promise of free land grants.

      1831

      S.M.H. The first steamship built in Australia - the 25 tonne S.S. Surprise - was launched at Neutral Bay.
    Person ID I369  The Rawsthorne Family Tree
    Last Modified 14 Nov 2015 

    Father Edward HARDWICK,   b. 1745, Thomastown, Kildare, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Aug 1817, Islington, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Mary BODNUM,   b. 1745, Kilkenny, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Nov 1800, Batley, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Married 05 Jan 1766  St Gregory By St Paul's, London England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F11734  Group Sheet

    Family Pierce COLLITS,   b. 1765, Thomastown, Kilkenny, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Sep 1848, Hartley, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 15 Nov 1795  St Dunstanes, Stepney, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Children 
     1. Maria COLLITS,   b. 01 Sep 1796, King Street, Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1829, Evan, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
     2. Sarah COLLITS,   b. 10 Sep 1797, Sweedland Court, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1867, Cadow Station, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     3. Henry Pierce COLLITS,   b. 27 Jan 1799, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1799, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Pierce COLLITS,   b. 06 Aug 1800, Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1800, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. John Pilmore COLLITS,   b. 08 Feb 1803, Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Jun 1886, Myall Park, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)
     6. Frances COLLITS,   b. 26 Sep 1804, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1869, Three Brothers, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     7. James COLLITS,   b. 21 Mar 1806, Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Dec 1880, Carrawobitty Station, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     8. Joseph COLLITS,   b. 01 Mar 1808, Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Nov 1888, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     9. Sophia Jane COLLITS,   b. 16 Jan 1810, Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jan 1868, Billabong Creek, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
     10. Amelia COLLITS,   b. 27 Sep 1812, Windsor, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Oct 1896, Round Swamp, Kanimbla, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     11. William COLLITS,   b. 13 Jun 1815, Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Dec 1867, Bogabagil Station, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
     12. Mary COLLITS,   b. 1821, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1826, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)
    Last Modified 14 Nov 2015 
    Family ID F182  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    COLLITS, Pierce & 
HARDWICK, Mary
    COLLITS, Pierce & HARDWICK, Mary
    Pierce and Mary Collits were living at No 7 Two Swan Yard, Bishopsgate Street when he was apprehended and sent to trial at the old Bailey. Location is indicated by a red arrow on Bishopsgate. Now the site of Liverpool St Station.

    Documents
    Collits Inn
    Collits Inn
    Historical information from unknown paper Page 1 of 2
    HARDWICK, Mary
    HARDWICK, Mary
    Baptism record
    Collits Inn
    Collits Inn
    Historical information from unknown paper Page 2 of 2
    HARDWICK, Mary
    HARDWICK, Mary
    Baptism Entry from London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 > Hackney > St Leonards Shoreditch > 1762-1711 > 170
    COLLITS, Pierce & 
HARDWICK, Mary
    COLLITS, Pierce & HARDWICK, Mary
    Marriage entry for Pierce Collits and Mary Hardwick

    Headstones
    DSCF6147.JPG
    DSCF6147.JPG

  • Sources 
    1. [S484] New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Coroners' Inquests, 1796-1942, Ancestry.com, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.Original data - Registers of Coroners’ Inquests and Magisterial Inquiries, 1834–1942 (microfilm, NRS 343, rolls 2921–2925, 2225, 2763–2769). State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kings;).
      Death date: 1841
      Death place:

    2. [S109] From Grave.

    3. [S363] Collits history book.

    4. [S513] Pallot's Marriage Index for England: 1780 - 1837, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2001;).