Genealogy of the Rawsthorne, Collits, Lees, Morris, Field, Straney and Colbran families
First Name:  Last Name: 
[Advanced Search]  [Surnames]


Male Bef 1784 - 1816  (> 32 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Phillip STRICKLAND 
    Born Bef 01 Aug 1784  Corfe Mullen, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened 01 Aug 1784  Corfe Mullen, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Photos? Grave (D0004-0A), Grave (DSCF6358) 
    Died 06 Nov 1816  Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Buried 09 Nov 1816  Castlereagh Cemetery, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Came over on HMS Calcutta, arriving 9 Sept 1803 after being tried at Dorsett, England, and receiving a life sentence for stealing money and goods. He was initially sentenced to hanging, but reprived and sent to Australia on the "HMS Calcutta" and arrived in Hobart 13.3.1801.

      He was found setaling in company at Gov. Collin's house and turned in all his accomplaces. He was sent to Sydney on the whaler "Albion" 'for his own good' on 8.8.1807.

      Granted a free pardon 31.1.1816 after his marriage to the 15 year old Maria (He was 21)

      His birth name was STICKLAND not STRICKLAND, and he was also married under this name, but all his children and death names are spelt the latter way.

      Phillip Died in 1816 (Parish Register) but his grave incorrectly states 1917.


      Phillip Stickland was born at Corfe Mullen, Dorset, England in 1784. He was baptised at Corfe Mullen on 1st August 1784, son to Richard and Miriam Stickland.
      Phillip Stickland was tried before the Dorset Lent Assizes held at Dorchester on Friday 13th march, 1801, with breaking and entering the dwelling of Thomas White at Corfe Mullen and stealing three gold coins , one pound sugar, one pound pork, and a silk purse to the value of four pounds, six shillings and eight pence, He was found guilty and sentenced to be hung, but reprieved to be transported to the Colony of New South Wales, or some other of the islands adjacent, for the term of his natural life. He was then 17 years of age.. During the time served in gaol in England he was employed as a hatter.
      A decision to establish a penal colony at Port Phillip was put into effect in 1803. The expedition was under the command of Lieut. Colonel David Collins. Collins had served as Judge-Advocate under Phillip in the First Fleet. He returned to England in 1779.

      Phillip Stickland arrived in the Colony as a convict on HMS 'Calcutta' at Port Phillip on 9th October 1803, this settlement proved to be unsuitable because of scarcity of water and poor soil and timber. In 1804 with other members of the Collins expedition Phillip went to Van Dieman's Land and thus became one of the party which established Hobart, Tasmania. He was the aged 19 years.

      Sometime after his arrival in Hobart, Phillip was given a position in the household of the Governor, David Collins. In 1807 he was arrested and charged with stealing goods the property of the Governor. Probably because he was serving the life sentence for stealing, commuted from a sentence of death, and no doubt believing he was certain to hang for this second offence, he turned King's evidence. He implicated others in the commission of the stealing offence and as well, those involved in receiving the stolen goods. As a consequence those implicated threatened his life for informing. The threats were taken seriously and he was sent by the whaling ship Albion to Sydney arriving on 21st September 1807, being the only sure way of saving his life. (Ref. Rev. Knopwood's diary 1807)

      In the Colony of New South Wales, Phillip Stickland became known as Phillip Strickland.
      (His birth name was Stickland not Strickland, and he was also married under this name, but all his children and death are spelt the latter way).

      On 4th September, 1811, at St. Matthew's Church, Windsor, at the age of 27 years, he married Mary Collits, aged 15 years, the daughter of Pierce and Mary Collits, nee Hardwick, (ref. NSW RG 1811, No. 1274, Vol. 3) Pierce Collits arrived in the Colony as a convict in 1801.

      Phillip and Maria had three children: Pierce b.1811, Josiah b. 1813, and John b.1815.

      On 31st January 1813 Phillip Strickland was granted a Pardon by Governor Macquarie.

      On 6th November 1816, Phillip Strickland died aged 31 years, believed to have been shot by a bushranger whilst carrying out his duty as a police constable. He is buried in the Old Castlereagh Church of England Cemetery next to his wife Maria. The epitaph reads:
      'Prayer was my portion
      Physic was my food
      Christ was my physician
      Those drugs done me no good
      But Christ was my physician
      He knew which way was best
      He eased me of my tifflick and
      took my soul to rest.'

      After Phillip's death Maria's parents Pierce and Mary Collits, her brothers and sisters helped look after her three sons, the youngest being only six month old. On 6th October 1817 she married Edward Field Jnr. The children were raised by Edward and now feel they are part of the Field Family as they never really knew Phillip Strickland. Edward and Maria had another 7 children. Maria died 21st September 1829 and is buried at the Old Castlereagh Anglican Cemetery. She is buried between her two husbands with Eliza Field aged ten.

      Below are some of the pages from the Bible, on page 2 the surname was unreadable, something like Pinnut. If the names are familiar to you please let me know.
      Page 2.
      George P born April 23rd 1805

      Sophia P born May 17th 1810
      married June 28th 1830 by Rev Fulton at Castlereagh

      Mary Ann P born June 27th 1831 died Feb. 5th 1889

      William P born March 4.. 1833

      Louisa Ann P born August 24th 1835

      James G.. P born April 10th 1837

      George P born Dec.20th 1840 died June 1.., 1841

      Page 3
      Henry Field born June 3 1845

      Maryan Wilson born June the 24 1849

      Edward Field and Esther Lees married
      October the 18, 1830

      Esther Field born January 12th, 1812

      Maryan Wilson born June

      Rubin Henry K Weeks born June 6th 1893

      John Field born September 28 1866
      Page 4
      Lucyann Field born December 23.. 1826

      Edward Field Jnr born 17 September 184-

      John Field born March the 23., 1833

      Eliza Field born July 31..1835

      Pierce Field born 5 August 1837

      Josiah Field born 30 November 1839

      Henry Field born June 3 1845

      Page 5
      Edward Field born September 16.. 1797

      Maria Collits born September 1.. 1796

      Edward Field and Maria Stickland
      October 7.. 1817 married
      and wife departed September 21.. 1829

      . Thank you Beryl Trotman for the photos and to Pan Wilcox and Judith Strickland for the story about Phillip Stickland. Judith has written the full story about the Stricklands in the book "The Pioneers of Castlereagh Anglican Cemetery" printed by The Friends Of Castlereagh Cemetery. This book contains a list of those buried in the cemetery, about 350 listed, and many stories about them. It is available from June Bullivant, 50 Dawn St., Greystanes, New South Wales, Australia 2145 at a cost of $10 plus $3-90 postage. Phone & Fax: 02 9631 0216
      E-Mail: bullivan@ozemail.com.au


      From Field Family Newsletter 25


      The Nepean River Valley, It´s History, It´s Floods, It´s people..

      CASTLEREAGH; Named by Governor Macquarie in 1810 after Lord Castlereagh.


      June. Captain Watkin Trench is sent by Governor Phillip to explore the country inland in an endeavour to find better pasture and agricultural land. he was the first person to sight the Nepean River, it was later named Nepean by Governor Macquarie after Sir Ivan Nepean, Under Secretary for the Navy.

      A guard hut is erected on a rise of land named Rose Hill and plans are drawn up to establish a village at what is now Parramatte.


      Layout of Parramatta Village completed.

      Small patrols of soldiers venture through the forests to the Nepean, but the major activity of the colony is centred around Parramatta and Sydney.


      Governor Phillip journeys to Windsor and names it Green Hills, it is renamed later by Governor Macquarie.

      Population of Parramatta is now 1,818, of whom 1,669 are convicts..

      Small villages now exist at Prospect, Mt. Druitt, Windsor and Richmond, some odd huts along George´s River, near present day Liverpool.

      August 1794 Now settlers´ working small farms along the Hawkesbury River, a good track has been worn through the forests to Sydney.


      Many of the original settlers on the Nepean Hawkesbury River abandon their farms because of ignorance of farming methods and the difficulty of getting their produce to the Sydney market. As the settlers abandon their farms, they are bought up cheaply by merchants and officers of the N.S.W. Corps.


      Some Irish Rebels, who were to play their part in the history of the Penrith District, arrived in Sydney as convicts on the Convict Transport Minerosa. Included were Rev. Henry Fulton.


      Some freed convicts began settling along the Nepean River. Some were: Pierce Collett, Randall, Rope, Colin Fields, Lees, McCarthy, etc.


      August 7th 1803. Governor King advises Lord Hobart in England that he has stopped any further settlement along the Nepean.

      Cillits, Mary. Free woman, arrived colony and was granted 70 acres of land at Castlereagh in July 1803. She had her husband, who was a convict, assigned to her.

      Field, Edward. Private N.S.W. Corp. granted land 1803 on the Nepean at Castlereagh neat Jackson´s lane and Methodist Church. His son, also named Edward, married Maria Strickland and after her death he was married again to one Esther Lees.


      Heavy floods ravished the Nepean.


      March. heavy rainfall, bad floods down the Nepean

      Again, heavy rainfall and bad flooding along the Nepean.


      Governor Lachlan Macquarie arrives in the colony.
      Colony sheep population now 33,000

      In 1810, the first year of his long term of office which continued until 1821, Macquarie made an extended tour of N.S.W.

      He was greatly troubled by what he heard about floods which had done much damage to farmland and property along the Hawkesbury River. To provide the settlers with extra allotments on higher ground - where they would be encouraged to build their homes and store their produce. - Macquarie brought into being five new townships. These were called Windsor, previously known as green Hills, Richmond, Wilberforce, Pitt-town and Castlereagh.

      The first four towns were set on the Hawkesbury, but Castlereagh was situated on the Nepean. The Nepean River is really part of the Hawkesbury, but was discovered separately, in 1789, and given a different name. This is one of those quirks of history which can never be corrected.

      Each of Macquarie´s five towns was carefully planned and properly surveyed, with provision for streets, important buildings, and a market square.

      ``God prosper Saint Matthew´s Church´´ said Governor Macquarie at a simple ceremony at Windsor in 1817, when he laid the corner-stone, under which had been placed a ´´holey dollar´´ . This was a Spanish silver dollar with a hole punched in it, the centre being taken out in order to create an extra coin. The value given to a ``holey dollar´´ was six shillings and three pence, sterling, for use as currency in the colony.

      A few hours after the stone had been laid, some rascal overturned it and got away with the money. The Government agreed to repeat the ceremony, and two days later another ´´holey dollar´´ was laid down for prosperity. But the second dollar went the way of the first, for the stone was overturned again and the culprit escaped detection.

      Hawkesbury Museum at 5 Thompson Square, windsor occupies the site where John Howe - a free settler from Britain - conducted a general store from 1811 until the late 1830´s.

      As the Daniel O´Connell Inn, conducted by Edward Coffey, the building which is now the museum became the most popular hotel around the Hawkesbury in the 1840s. it was the hub of social, political, and sporting life; its distinguished patrons included Governor Sir George Gipps and his successor, Sir Charles Fitz Roy.

      The Doctor´s House, is perched above the river bank on the town side of Windsor Bridge...... the building was Coffey´s Hotel.


      Collitts Pierce. Convict, assigned to his wife Mary Collits of Castlereagh. Pardoned and appointed Chief Constable for Penrith District.

      Lord, Simon. 18th October, 1811 granted 1170 acres of land at Penrith.


      First school in Penrith District established at Castlereagh.


      Name of ferry boat the ``Pheasant´´ first recorded for taking passengers across the Nepean River.


      Lord, Simon. 8th October,1816 granted 100 acres of land at Penrith.

      S.M.H. 31st March . Five settlers were killed and many others fled their homes along the Nepean River during clashes with Aborigines.


      Floods again hit Nepean and Hawkesbury.

      Sir John Jamison, Rev. Henry Fulton, John McHenry and a military officer appointed to act as Magistrate at Penrith Court.

      John Lees donated land at Castlereagh for first Methodist Church.

      Phillip Strickland, born 1786 died 6th November, 1817, pioneer d. Anglican Church Cranebrook Cemetery.


      James McHenry conducted a blacksmiths shop next to the Court House, Penrith the property called Lemongrove.


      Two of George Wentworth´s children drowned in the Nepean.


      Rev. Henry Fulton former Irish Rebel and convict, appointed Magistrate at Castlereagh.


      First body of Mounted Police formed in Australia by Governor Brisbane, the first force consisting of two officers and thirteen troopers.


      The ``Monitor´´ a weekly Sydney newspaper, began publication.

      Field, Edward, Pioneer. Died 21st January, 1826 aged 57 years, name of wife Elysabeth. Buried Anglican Cranebrook Cemetery.

      Government ordered that there were no Ministers available school teachers perform funeral services and receive a fee of 2/6d. As no cemeteries were available most estates had burial plots in corners of a distant pasture.

      22/10/1827 Extract from letter of Harriet King from Dunheved.
      penrith is about six miles from here, towards the river, there is a Court House, Inn and a few huts. It is said a town is to be laid out on the plains and a hospital and Surgeon established.


      S.M.H. The NSW Government established a twice-weekly horse post between the principal inland towns, with a letter from Sydney to Bathurst costing 1 shilling in postage.


      Little progress was made in the Colony now for over twenty years until Gold was discovered. Rust attached the wheat along the Nepean, the sheep developed footrot and more families packed up and left the Nepean and crossed over the mountains because of the promise of free land grants.


      S.M.H. The first steamship built in Australia - the 25 tonne S.S. Surprise - was launched at Neutral Bay.
    Person ID I789  The Rawsthorne Family Tree
    Last Modified 14 Nov 2015 

    Father Richard STICKLAND,   b. 1758 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Miriam Naylor BURDEN 
    Relationship Natural 
    Family ID F1126  Group Sheet

    Family Maria COLLITS,   b. 01 Sep 1796, King Street, Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1829, Evan, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 04 Sep 1811  St Matthews Church of England, Windsor, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
     1. Pierce STRICKLAND,   b. 14 Dec 1811, Windsor, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Dec 1883, Carrawobitty Station, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     2. Josiah STRICKLAND,   b. 28 Jan 1813, South Creek, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Jan 1881, Bundaburra Station, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
     3. John STRICKLAND,   b. 28 May 1815, Castlereagh, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Oct 1849, Cadow Station, Forbes, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
    Last Modified 14 Nov 2015 
    Family ID F359  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    This image is added to known Convicts in the family.

    STRICKLAND, Phillip
    STRICKLAND, Phillip
    STRICKLAND, Phillip
    STRICKLAND, Phillip


  • Sources 
    1. [S79] From a Distant Field, Colin Field, Book: Version 3 (Self Published).

    2. [S250] Robert WRIGHT.

    3. [S221] New South Wales Births, Deaths & Marriages.
      Castlereagh Church of England, Castlereagh, NSW, CD V18163655 2B and CD V181669 155

    4. [S363] Collits history book.

    5. [S221] New South Wales Births, Deaths & Marriages.
      V1811274 3A